|Florida passes resolution, apologizes for
(CNN) -- Florida has become the sixth U.S. state to apologize for
Both chambers of the Florida legislature adopted a resolution
Wednesday expressing "profound regret for the shameful chapter
in this state's history."
The resolution notes that Florida sanctioned and enforced "African
slavery in one of its most brutal and dehumanizing forms" from
1822 -- a year after Florida became a U.S. territory -- until the end
of the American Civil War in 1865.
Florida became a U.S. state in 1845. It joined other slave-holding
states in the American South in seceding from the Union in 1861,
triggering a civil war that ended slavery and preserved the
Southern states as part of the United States.
Five other U.S. states have apologized for slavery since last year,
including Alabama, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina and
The Florida resolution cites state laws from the 1800s saying that
any "slave duly convicted of robbery ... or burglary shall suffer
death or have his or her ears nailed to posts and there stand for
one hour and receive 30 lashes on his or her bare back at the
discretion of the court."
Freed slaves "were denied the right to vote and in later years
were, by law, so repressed, restricted and harassed that by 1850
most had been driven from Florida."
The resolution also "calls for healing and reconciliation among all
residents of the state."